They know their letters! Now what?

Participants in CREATE could be considered to have finished their first level of adult literacy, roughly equivalent to a first primer, when all the phonemes in the language have been introduced.  CREATE should not end at this point, however.  The brainstorming list can be further used to create an intermediate level of units with approximately the same number as the first basic level, thus giving new readers an opportunity to continue using their skills while still dealing with issues relevant to their communities and everyday lives.  I recommend that levels be used to provide the structure of a starting date and an ending date for each circle and to give learners the sense of completion at intervals throughout their learning process.  The literacy component of this intermediate level could be less structured with the focus on giving ample opportunity for participants to express their own thoughts, feelings, and desires in writing and to learn from others’ experiences, thoughts, and feelings in reading.  Any number of levels can be conceived using this method, but it is advisable to have the participants take more and more of the decision-making responsibilities until they are essentially conducting their own discussion groups about issues in their community about which they would like to take action.  Participants who are very interested in continuing these types of discussions should be encouraged to consider being trained to become a facilitator of CREATE for other circles.

The following table contains a list of graphics that have been used in past REFLECT programs; all of these and many more are appropriate for CREATE.

Type of Graphic Focus Description
Map Household Shows all the houses in the community and a feature of each house such as number of people living in each or the type of materials used (See an example here.)
Agriculture Shows the locations of different crops, changing trends over the years, or levels of productivity (See an example here.)
Resources Identifies access to and control of resources (See an example for natural resources here and an example for human resources here.)
Land Tenure Represents ownership of land, whether individual, cooperative, or large landowner; can match land ownership to land use and access
Calendars Rainfall Represents climate patterns and trends; can lead to discussions about drought and floods and their effect (See an example here.)
Agriculture Plots the time in which different activities associated with each crop occur (clearing, planting, fertilizing, harvesting, storing, selling, etc.)
Gender Workload Represents the main activities of men and women through the year; can lead to structured reflection on gender roles (See an example of a children’s workload calendar here.)
Health Identifies principal local diseases and represents their relative occurrence through the year; can lead to discussion on why different illnesses occur more often at different times (See an example here.)
Income and Expenditure Explores patterns for a typical family through the year, itemized by source of income and type of expenditure
Matrices Crops Analyzes each crop grown against a set of criteria
Health Describes the curative strategies followed for different illnesses; encourages participants to analyze their understanding of the different causes of illnesses (See an example regarding herbal remedies here and an example of curative strategies here.)
Credit Shows the sources of credit available to participants (family, friends, money lenders, banks, etc.) and the uses made of the credit
Household Decisions Shows involvement of each family member in discussing, planning, and carrying out decisions in different areas of household life
Chapati or Venn Diagrams Influence Represents internal and external influences on the community or an individual (See an example here.)
Power Relations Shows the powerful individuals within the community (or outside of the community) and the relationships and groupings between them
Timelines People or Organizations Shows major and milestone events as well as influential people in either the past, present, or future of a community, organization, family, or individual
Flow Diagrams Processes Represents the steps involved in various processes (weaving, dying cloth, making a staple food, etc.)

Table:  Types of Graphics Suitable for Use in CREATE


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